Verses 1-5, The writer gives a short summary of his previous discourse. He shows Christ as our High Priest in heaven, not part of the earthly levitical line or ceremony, but of the heavenly tabernacle and heavenly gifts and sacrifices.
He then quotes Exodus 25:40 to show that the tabernacle was a temprorary type of the true reality in heaven. See Rev. 11:19; 14:17; 15:5+8; 16:1.
Verses 6-12, The writer now quotes from Jeremiah 31:31-34 to show that God intended the Levitical system and previous covenant upon which it was built to be temporary. That is why God spoke through Jeremiah that there would be a new covenant. See also Ez. 36:25-27 and Joel 2:28-29
This new covenant would have 2 distinct changes. 1) It would be written on hearts as opposed to tables of stone like the ten commandments. 2) It would include the once and for all forgiveness of sins.
Since this old covenant was now no longer the way that the Jews were to obtain God’s divine favor, to hold onto it was in fact to miss out on salvation and forgiveness! See. Acts 13:44-48; 28:25-28 and Gal. 4:8-11; 5:4 and 1 Thess. 2:15-16.
Verses 9:1-5, These ceremonies in the first covenant were worldly or temporal. See Lev. 16 and Ex. 25 and 30 for more detail of the instruments.
Verses 9:6-10, All the continuous action of the priests, and the high priest entering into the Holy of Holies only once a year, could never truly cleanse the conscience or heart! The way into God’s presence was obviously closed as long as the tabernacle stood. The writer is leading them to the conclusion that only Jesus is The Way! Jn 14:6 and Heb. 10:15-22.
Verses 9:11-12, As our High Priest Jesus has gone into the very presence of God to represent us like the high priest of old. He came–not with the blood of bulls and goats–but with His own blood. Jesus stands in God’s presence as the proof that the penalty for sin has been carried out.
Thus offering Himself, Jesus has now obtained eternal redemption for us–once and for all! God’s divine favor and forgiveness comes only through Jesus, the perfect sacrifice. What all of religion is aiming at–divine favor–we have through Jesus! God loves you as much as He loves Jesus! See John 17:23-24.
Verses 9:13-14, Christ was without spot, therefore we no longer rest on our own works, but the perfect life of Christ! The writer wanted the Jews to turn from their dead works. Which were any work that one did to cleanse their conscience or earn God’s favor. Instead he urges them to serve the Living God with spirit and truth.