Verses 1-3, Therefore…let us go on… Because neglecting and ignoring God’s truth causes us to regress into babes when we should be mature. The writer is asking them to leave behind the partial revelation of O.T. principles of 1:1-2 and press on into the full revelation and life of Christ.
He names six foundational truths heavily relied upon in Judaism: 1) Repentance from dead works. 2) Faith 3) Ritual cleansings 4) Laying on of hands–relating to the sacrificial offerings. 5) Resurrection–See Job 19:25; Isa. 26:19; Dan. 12:2. 6) Eternal judgment–Ecc. 12:14.
Verses 4-6, The falling away is from the mature Christian life and experience as we saw in the warning of 3:16-4:11. This type of falling away is not an accident, but a deliberate choice to disobey and turn from God’s truth in unbelief.
Thus acting we can put Christ to shame. Why is it that we can trust Christ with our eternity but not our here and now? In every heart there is a throne and a cross, if we are on one, Christ is on the other.
Verses 7-8, Now the writer gives an illustration from nature. God’s provision and blessing(rain/sun) falls on both fields. In one it is used to produce good fruit, in the other it is used to produce weeds and thorns which are then burned. See 1 Cor. 3:10-15
Verses 9-10, Beloved, is used only here in Hebrews. The writer is convinced that these believers will pass on into maturity. The first reason is because of the love he sees in their lives for both God and other saints. See Mt 22:35-40; Jn. 13:34-35; Rom. 5:5-8; 1 Jn. 4:7-11 + 19-21.
Verses 11-12, Notice the importance of love, hope, and faith in these verses. The end would be of our pilgrimage through this world, and the hope is that of eternity and heaven.
How this can bolster our lives here! If we are saved, this is as close to hell as we will ever get. When this world reminds us of heaven we can receive it with joy, when it reminds us of hell, we can take hope in the fact that it is still just earth and heaven is before us.
Our problem with faith is how quickly sluggishness and lukewarmness set in. He exhorts the believers to hold onto God’s promises with both faith and patience. He then gives us an example of that in the life of Abraham.
Verses 13-17, Here we see that God promised something to Abraham and gave him an oath. See Gen. 12 and 15. In the promise we have God’s intentions made clear, in the oath we have God placing His character behind the promise.
Verses 18-20, That same God who was faithful to Abraham will be faithful to us as well. He has accepted Jesus into His presence as our forerunner. See 9:24.